Home Forums Non Scrap Chat Photography Photography terms you need to know

This topic contains 5 replies, has 0 voices, and was last updated by  craftysprinkles 2 years, 9 months ago.

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  • #7237
    Krissy
    Krissy
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      Ladies, I will make this a sticky post so it will always be at the top.

      This is going to be a list of terms/definitions that you need to know. You will see them often in our photography tutorials and I will add more as needed.

      #251598
      Krissy
      Krissy
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        1. ISO – measures how sensitive the camera will be to light. The lower the ISO the less sensitive to light, used when there is a lot of available light (100, 200, 400). The higher the ISO the more sensitive to light, used when there is not a lot of available light (800, 1600, 3200). Lower ISO means less noise (graininess of photo), higher ISO means more noise.

        2. Shutter Speed – How fast the shutter is opening and closing to expose light to the camera sensor. measured in fractions of seconds (2, 1/15, 1/60, 1/4000). Faster shutter speeds freeze action (1/250+), slower shutter speeds slow motion (1/30 and slower). Your shutter speed should match or exceed the focal length you are at with your lens. When shutter speeds go below 1/60 sec. you need a tripod to stabilize your photo.

        3. Aperture – controls how much light enters through the lens. measured in F/Stops (f/1.8, f/2.8, f/5.6, f/22). The lower the number the more light is coming through, the higher the number the less light coming through. Also controls depth of field (how much of the photo appears to be in focus). Shallow depth of field is where less of the photo is in focus. This is achieved by a larger aperture (smaller number like f/1.8). Deep depth of field is where more of the photo is in focus. This is achieved by a smaller aperture (larger number like f/16).

        4. Depth of Field – Amount of foreground and background that is in focus with the subject. Simply put, the blur you get behind or in front of the object in focus.

        5. White balance – The process of removing unrealistic color cast, so that objects which appear white in person are rendered white in your photo. Getting the right white balance will help you get your skin tones correct sooc (see below).

        6. SOOC – Straight out of camera. This is the image you get without any adjustments in photo editing software.

        7. Focal Points – Picking the object/subject that YOU want to be in focus.

        #251599

        Thanks, Kim!

        #251600

        Snagg1
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          This is great!

          #251602
          Krissy
          Krissy
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            Thanks Kim, I never really new what all of the settings meant,

            #251603

            craftysprinkles
            Swirly Scrapper
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              Thanks Kim.

              #251601
              Krissy
              Krissy
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                Needed that. Thanks Kim

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